"To enjoy my music, you need depth and emotionality." - Joni Mitchell
Browse a timeline of Joni’s career.
The Armory Show wasn’t the only big event in 1913 - it was also the year that suffragists marched on Washington to demand women’s right to vote. In light of that centennial anniversary, which is being celebrated this weekend, and the kickoff of Women’s History Month, it seemed like a good time to present you with this declaration from Nancy Spero.
Since today is Women’s Equality Day, here is one of the black women who participated in the suffrage movement. Mary Eliza Mahoney (May 7, 1845 or April 16, 1845 - January 4, 1926) was the first African American professionally trained nurse in the United States. Mahoney was a pioneer who worked tirelessly to create opportunities for other black women to become nurses and to raise the status of all nurses, regardless of color. She was also an activist for women’s right to vote and is credited as one of the first women to register and vote in Boston, Massachusetts in 1920.
Photo source: Wikimedia
Black, Chicana, and First Nations radical socialist and anarchist labor organizer Lucy E. [González or Gonzales] Parsons (1853-1942) ca. 1920.
“Feared by the authorities because of her charismatic fiery speeches and intellect, the first Afro-Latina woman of color to engage prominently in the history of the Leftist American labor movement was labeled as ‘more dangerous than a thousand rioters’ by the Chicago Police Department.”
William Loren Katz writes in a passage adapted from Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage,
A dynamic, militant, self-educated public speaker and writer, she became the first American woman of color to carry her crusade for socialism across the country and overseas. Lucy Gonzales started life in Texas. She was of Mexican American, African American, and Native American descent and born into slavery. The path she chose after emancipation led to conflict with the Ku Klux Klan, hard work, painful personal losses, and many nights in jail. In Albert Parsons, a white man whose Waco Spectator fought the Klan and demanded social and political equality for African Americans, she found a handsome, committed soul mate. The white supremacy forces in Texas considered the couple dangerous and their marriage illegal, and soon drove them from the state…
She was one of only two women delegates (the other was Mother Jones) among the 200 men at the founding convention of the militant Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and the only woman to speak…
Lucy Parsons’ determined effort to elevate and inspire the oppressed to take command remained alive among those who knew, heard, and loved her. But few today are aware of her insights, courage, and tenacity. Despite her fertile mind, writing and oratorical skills, and striking beauty, Lucy Parsons has not found a place in school texts, social studies curricula, or Hollywood movies.
More Facts about Ella Baker
- She was born Ella Jo Baker on December 13, 1903 in Norfolk, Virginia.
- She grew up in North Carolina hearing stories about her grandmother’s life as a slave
- This probably inspired her to fight racism and injustice in America
- She attended Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina where she graduated in 1927 as the class valedictorian
- After graduating, she moved to New York City where she began to work with different civil rights organizations
- In 1930, she helped create the Young Negroes’ Cooperative League
- In 1940, Baker began to work with the NAACP as a field secretary
- She worked her way up to become the national director of the NAACP in 1943(or 1946)
- Baker served in this position until the early 50s (some sources say 1946)
- While in New York City, Baker also worked with the New York Urban League and local chapters of the NAACP
- In 1955, Baker co founded an organization called In Friendship to help fight against the Jim Crow Laws in the South
- In 1957, she moved to Atlanta where she joined the Southern Christian Leadership Conference as the executive directory by request of Martin Luther King JR.
- During this time she set up student meetings that led to the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1960
- She left the SCLC in 1960, but stayed involved with the SNCC
- Baker helped form the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party in 1964
- The MFDP was created as an alternative to the Democratic which was still segregated
- She continued to fight injustice throughout her life
- Baker worked with other organizations like the Third World Women’s Coordinating Committee and the Puerto Rican Solidarity Committee
- Ella Baker died on her birthday in 1986 in New York City
In 1967, Kathrine Switzer was the first woman to run the Boston marathon. After realizing that a woman was running, race organizer Jock Semple went after Switzer shouting, “Get the hell out of my race and give me those numbers.” However, Switzer’s boyfriend and other male runners provided a protective shield during the entire marathon.The photographs taken of the incident made world headlines, and Kathrine later won the NYC marathon with a time of 3:07:29. [Wiki]
Awesome women in history.
Happy Birthday, Toni Morrison!
The great author has had a lot to celebrate over the years, with her works earning her a Pulitzer Prize, a Nobel Prize, an American Book Award, an American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters Award, a National Book Critics Circle Award, a Grammy award, and a Presidential Medal of Freedom, among other honors.
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Look who’s got the best bookmark ?!
Someone please mass-produce these IMMEDIATELY. We really really need a Cumberbomb bookmark.
So, if this doesn’t encourage people to read more…
Here, have a template. Five Cumberbombs to a standard 8.5x11 sheet.